The role of "Francophonie", the French cultural area, in a conflict

April 14th, 2016

On the April 4th, 2016, the French General Secretary for the “Francophonie”, MichaŽlle Jean, welcomed the adoption of the resolution 2279 by the Security Council of the UN. This resolutions allows armed forces from the UN to intervene in Burundi. 

MichaŽlle Jean has declared, last week, how decisive the role of the French State had been in the negotiations to make Burundi stable and peaceful again. Indeed, the French authorities and the international community have been working on peacemaking in the region for the last years. The General Secretary insisted on the importance of translating those words into actions as soon as possible to make the region safe again. Besides, the emphasis was put on making the political dialogue more inclusive so that all the ethnic groups will be taken into account and represented. 

In fact, the civil war has been raging since 1993 and the election of President Melchior Ndadaye. However, the situation seemed to be at a standstill until last year, when the president of Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza announced that he would run for a third mandate. He was then removed by a coup d’ťtat of the general Godefroi Nyiyombare. Ever since, violence has been increasing between the State and its opponents. 

That is why the French authorities as well as the UN are trying to lay emphasis on the International Human Rights to stop the killing. To do so, an agreement authorizing an armed force from the UN to be detached to Burundi has therefore been made, as a hope to hinder the crisis. 

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Cultural Diplomacy News
Julie Essertel, CD News