UNESCO declared Nalanda University a World Heritage Site

On Friday, July 15th, 2016, the World Heritage Commission proclaimed the Indian University a heritage of humanity

July 15th, 2016
Valentina De Gregorio, CD News

Nalanda University is an old archaeological site located in the region of Bihar, India. The area hosts the most ancient Indian university and is notorious for having turned Buddhism into a religion.

The ancient Indian University has successfully complied with the selection criteria drawn up and periodically revised by the UNESCO Committee. In order to be inscribed on the World Heritage List and on the List of World Heritage in Danger, the archaeological site has to meet at least one of these ten criteria, including six cultural and four natural requirements.

The site of Nalanda Mahavihara, or Nalanda University stands for a priceless area in Bihar, a northeastern Indian region close to Nepal and Bangladesh. In that area, a monastic and scholastic institution rose from 3rd century BCE to 13th century CE. From a cultural point of view, its importance is testified by the fact that Nasala represented both the development and the processing of the Buddhism into a religion.

Indian archaeological sites have already satisfied the UNESCO criteria to become a World Heritage Site. For instance the natural areas of Jantar Mantar (Jaipur) became a Heritage Site in 2010 and the Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan (Gujarat) in 2014. As well, the cultural areas of Western Ghats and the one of Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area became World Heritage Sites in 2012 and 2014 respsectively.


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